Mindfulness Exercise Four


This practice was developed by Mark Williams, John Teasdale and Zindel Segal, who put together Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy. It is a mini-meditation; an opportunity to become mindful in the midst of our lives. It provides a bridge between the formal practice of meditation, which we will usually do on our own with time set aside for it, and the informal practice of mindfulness in our everyday lives as we go about our business. The Breathing Space is not to be seen as “taking a break” or taking time-out from whatever is going on. Instead, it can be seen as encouraging a shift in mode, from doing to being, and deliberately changing our relationship to whatever we are experiencing. It is traditionally seen as encompassing three distinct stages, which we can envisage in the form of an hour-glass, as you will see in the description of the exercise.

Exercise 4: The 3-Minute Breathing Space

We can practice scheduling the breathing space into our daily lives, in the midst of our daily activities. In time, we will be able to introduce the breathing space more spontaneously, at times when we are feeling stressed or experiencing something unpleasant. In these situations, we are not using the breathing space to block out or to get rid of these difficult experiences. Instead, we will be learning to bring more awareness to our reactions and to notice how we might resist and fight against what is happening at these times. The breathing space can help us to befriend and to accept these unpleasant experiences which are there already and to enhance our ability to cope with them.

This is a practice that you can do anywhere, at any time. At various times during the course of your day, see if it is possible to step out of “automatic pilot” for 3 minutes or thereabouts in the following way:

 1. WHAT’S HERE? – BECOMING AWARE (the wide neck of the hour glass)

Notice your posture. Straighten your spine and generally relax the body. With your eyes either open or closed, silently ask yourself: “What is my experience right now, in my thoughts, my feelings, and my bodily sensations?” See if you can recognize and accept your experience, even if it is uncomfortable.

2. BREATHING – GATHERING (the narrow neck of the hour glass)

Then, gently redirect your full attention to your breathing, to each in breath and to each out breath as they follow, one after the other. Try noting at the back of your mind: “Breathing in … breathing out” or counting the breaths.

Do this for one or two minutes as best you can, using the breathing as an anchor to bring you into the present and help you tune into a state of awareness and stillness.

3. EXPANDING OUTWARDS (the wide base of the hour-glass)

Open the field of your awareness around your breathing, so that it includes a sense of the body as a whole, your posture, and facial expression.

Allow your attention to expand to the whole body – including any sense of discomfort, tension, or resistance. If these sensations are there, then bring your awareness to them by “breathing into them” on the in-breath. Then, breathe out from those sensations, softening and opening with the out-breath. If you wish, you can say to yourself on the out-breath, “It’s OK. Whatever it is, it’s OK. Let me feel it. It is here already, so I may as well be present for it.”

As best you can, bring this expanded awareness to the next moments of your day.


You can adapt this to what works best for you. The aim is to simply maintain awareness in the present moment and to shift modes from doing to being, as best you can.